it is proved that Improving biological environment , visual quality and graphical of the city environment is The most important factors affecting citizens mental health as well as identity local differentiation and proper perception of the city.
Tehran is a large city with high social and cultural diversity. In addition cultural Transfers due to the trips within the city has added to the complexity of the social and cultural environment.
Social management requires an environment such as: First, the basic information that is the basis of resident’s social and cultural behavior and should be available for Urban management ‘s system And secondly the areas of intervention classified on the basis of this information.
On the other hand, It is essential that organizations and departments decide according to the needs and deficiencies that exist in the different regions.
Dealing with problems in each area of the city differs from region to region. And therefore the Plan of neighborhood Oriented with the approach of Citizen-oriented is essential To Welcome Spring design.
so, the efforts of Urban management associated with the welcoming of spring and satisfaction of citizens.
Every year before the new year, extensive work done for the preparation of the city and welcome spring To make peaceful life in the last few days And public transportation, terminals Tehran and ... prepared to serve the people .
Urban management with the Aims to modernize comprehensive and integrated urban environment runs the plan of Welcomed the spring .
It should be noted that citizen ‘s Trips increases At the end of the year, And in order to facilitate the movement of people, The project was implemented sooner especially in high-traffic places and Without a doubt it will follow the citizens' satisfaction And have a significant impact in improving of urban management objectives And will have a significant impact on the progress of urban management objectives.
The Background of the District
Introducing District 8
Tehran's District 8, which is situated in eastern Tehran, is limited to district 4 Municipality in the north and northeast, district 13 Municipality in the south, and district 7 municipality in the west. The first area in which immigrants settled down after 1941 was the Javadiyeh lands in the southwest of Tehran; gradually, irregular urban developments started in eastern Tehran and other areas, Tehran turned into a mega city is a short time.
Population density was so hard on poor citizens during Dr. Mossadegh's government that people in eastern Tehran suddenly started to seize barren lands and began to construct buildings on the occupied lands, which is why the neighborhood came to be knows as "Moftabad" (Moft means'cheap' in Persian).
Following this unprecedented influx of irregular housing and land reclamation in Moftabad, the government ordered proper urban developments based on civic principles in two areas, Naziabad and Narmak, the lands of which were unoccupied and owned by the government.
Laying out the streets and land divisions quickly began in these two areas, and houses were built in them.
The History of District 8 Neighborhoods
Narmak is an old village. There used to be many pomegranate orchards in Narmak in the past, and its pomegranates were juicy and delicious. The word "Narmak" means "sucking pomegranates", and this word was chosen to show that large pomegranates grew in that neighborhood.
Situated between Ghochak, Lavasan, Naz, and Roudbar Ghasran, Narmak looked like an old village.
According to the encyclopedia of geography, the village of Narmak, which is a part of Shemiran, is situated 9 km southeast of Imamzadeh Saleh and 5 km north of the Tehran-Damavand road. This cold village had 100 inhabitants, and its water was supplied by a qanat.
The main products of the village were pomegranates and grains, and the villagers' main occupations were agriculture and horticulture. A by-way provided access to Narmak, and there was an old castle nearby.
The housing plan in this area could have been a good model for other regions, but only Tehranpars was built according to (modern urban) principles by Zoroastrian capitalists. Several years later, the three areas of Tehranpars, Naziabad, and Narmak were filled by experimental builders and architects.
This area is one of the oldest ones in the district, having a more concentrated and populated texture. Nezam Abad is the westernmost part of the district, bordering on District 7 Municipality.
The Natural Characteristics of the District
Methods of Land Use in District 8
The most striking characteristic of this district from the perspective of its lands is the 50 percent rate of the residential area (86/49) compared to the 26 percent in all of Tehran, which shows that this area is mostly a residential one.
Another characteristic is the high rate of streets and roads (35 percent) which could be due to the fact that the urban streets in the surrounding areas is divided between them (Only the southern pavement on Damavand Street belongs to the adjacent area); therefore, a high proportion of urban streets are considered the district's streets.
The Water network
The water used within the municipal area of District 8 is supplied by Tank 11 on Hengam Street and Tank 7 on Resalat Highway at the beginning of Hajipour through 72 pressure relief valves. Tank 11, with a capacity of 38400 cubic meters, and Tank 7, with a capacity of 55,500 cubic meters, supply the water used in this district.
The gas distribution network
Both municipal areas are covered by a single gas area, which is Area 6, covering district 4 and 8 municipalities. The network exists all throughout the district and there is no need for further development.
The sewage system
There is no sewage collection system in District 8. Where water treatment is concerned, because of the connection of the district's wastewater collection network with downstream areas and the need to treat it in the southern and southwestern treatment facilities, wastewater will not be treated in this district; considering the collection grid lines, it will be transferred to the downstream areas in the future.
Given the right type of soil that exists in this area, the use of absorbing well was common; but in some neighborhoods, wastewater is discharged from house yards into nearby waterways, which is a serious problem. None of the public places and public and private institutions, hospitals, or industries in District 8 have a separate treatment system.
Studying the longitudinal slopes of streets in District 8 shows that streets slope in three main directions, namely from North to southeast and to west, and from west to east.
The surface water of North - South streets in the western part of District 8, between Ostad Hasan Bana Street and Masil Bakhtar (Bakhtar Waterway), pours into this waterway and is then transferred to Damavand Road. Some of these streets are Ostad Hasan Bana Street, Kerman Street, a part of Janbazan Street; Shargh Highway, Shahid Ayatollah Madani, Golestan, Abadan, and Shirmard.
The surface water of some of the North - South streets pours directly into Damavand Street; for example, Parvin Street, Tirandaz, 115 Sadeghi, 45m Tehranpars, Afshari, Gpldar, Farahani, Vahidieh; Sabalan, etc.
The surface water of other southern streets is collected by the East - West Shahid Muhammad Igehi Street, and is then transferred to Tehranpars and Damavand Road waterways; for example, Dardasht Street, Mehr Street, Madayen Street, Shahid Ayat Street, Samangan Street, etc.
Considering the fact that the District's natural line falls on Tehranpars Waterway, the longitudinal slope of all the eastern and western streets are directed towards the Tehranpars waterway.
Therefore, all the streets that are located in the eastern side of the Tehranpars Waterway have an east- west longitudinal slope, while all the streets located in the western side of this waterway have west- east longitudinal slope. The surface waters of these streets are often collected by Ebrahimabad, Khavar, and Tehranpars Waterways and finally pour into Damavand Road.
It is worth mentioning that the slope of Damavand Road from start to finish is from the east towards the West.
Considering the fact that 4 major waterways (Ebrahimabad, Bakhtar Waterway, Dardasht, and Tehranpars) pass through District 8, the surface water of this district is mainly collected by these waterways and disposed of outside the district.
The Status quo of the district
Total population: 378,725 people (190,068 men - 188,617 females)
Literate population: 333,133 people (170,549 men - 162,584 females)
Illiterate population: 30,506 people (6,656 men – 13,850 women)
Number of households: 116,601 households
Family size: 3.34 households
Population density: 28,647 people per square kilometer
Household density: 8,820 households per square kilometer
The percentage of employed people in various economic sectors:
- Agriculture 3.13 percent - Industry 29.53 percent Services: 67.34 percent
District Area: 1,339 acres
The physical body of District 8 is divided into 3 urban areas and 20 neighborhoods;
Southern Tehranpars (area 1)
Central Narmak (area 2)
Majidieh and Vahidieh (area 3)
Green space area: 155 acres
Per capita green space: about 4.11 square meters
Number of parks: 75 parks
Cleaning area of the district: 3,668,478 square meters
Number of mosques: 54 mosques
Number of Cultural centers: 1 (family)
Number of cultural centers, neighborhood houses, and entrepreneurship centers: 30
Number of training centers: 185 centers (including governmental and non-profit centers)
Number of libraries: 14 Libraries
Number of Hotels: 1
Number of cinemas: 3
Number of ports facilities: 23
Number of religious centers for other religions: 2 Churches
Number of major shopping centers: 3
Number of District waterways: 4 waterways:
- Masil Bakhtar at a length of 3000 meters
- Ebrahinmabad waterway at a length of 1776 meters
- Khavar waterway at a length of 1700 meters
- Tehranpars waterway at a length of 2510 square meters
District area (acres)
District population (person)
Green space area (acres)
Lawn Area (Square meter)
Recorded historical buildings and monuments in the district:
1. The historical Tarkmanchas church
2. Nabovat Square (Haft Hoz)
The social characteristics of the district:
1. The area is populated by government clerks,
2. Half of Tehran's Armenians live in this district;
3. The literacy rate of its residents is slightly higher the average rate in Tehran;
Other characteristics of the district:
* The slope of the district lies at North - South, East – West, and West – East.
* The district lacks a wastewater collection system.
* The district is covered by a city gas network.
* 50 percent of the district is residential.
The state of the district against natural disasters
None of Tehran's active faults are in district 8. The nearest fault is located in the southern area of Sorkhehesar Forest.
A small fault in the western side (district 7) is shown in its vicinity on the earthquake maps. But a study of Tehran's seismic microzonation shows that the activity of the fault that exits in the city of Rey can cause damage to the district, and this damage will be higher in certain parts of it.
Where earthquakes with moderate and high risks are concerned, studies need to be carried out regarding the regulations related to earthquake and the resulting damages that are manifested in strengthening building structures, and the regulations related to social conditions that are manifested in the redevelopment of the district and providing sufficient space.
According to the studies carried out about air pollution in the location finding of multi-story buildings in Tehran, District 8 is the most polluted place in Tehran, because with the operation of Dushan Tappeh Airport, the lead that is produced by airplanes is added to the air pollution in Eastern Tehran which is caused by the western winds and eastern mountains. The rate of open building space for this area stands at 2, which highlights the need to create more open spaces in the city.
Being located on the southern slopes of the Alborz Mountain, Tehran has considerable surface water; these waters are the results of melting snow and, to a lesser extent, rainfall, especially in the highlands, and they cause permanent, as well as seasonal, rivers that run from the north to the south.
In the past, the river waters were used for both drinking and watering gardens and agricultural farms, and they are used mostly for flood guidance now.
پرتال محلات منطقه
شورای اسلامی شهر تهران
مرکز نظارت همگانی 1888
سامانه مدیریت شهری 137
نمایشگاه گل و گیاه
نقشه شهر تهران
نقشه موبایل شهر تهران
قوانین و مقررات شهرداری